I was born in Humboldt, Tennessee in 1951, and currently live in Palm Springs, California. I work predominantly in the medium of painting, and have put together a body of work that includes photography, assemblage, sculpture and installation.

After concluding undergraduate studies at Vanderbilt University, I completed some course work at the Academy of Art in San Francisco, before moving to Atlanta, New York and L.A. to pursue a career in graphic design.

My process is primarily self-taught, and the textures, shapes and compositions that constitute my work often find form in intricate puzzles, using both harmonious and opposing color combinations to establish an energetic and complex landscape.

My work has been characterized as formalist, abstract expressionist, primitive or minimalist.

I often use color or mark making to create work that underscores my interest in geometry, biology and the desert ecosystem. I strive to maintain a consistency of style throughout my practice, although each body of work may vary widely in subject matter or in choice of media.

I started painting in 1997 and was invited to mount a solo show in 1998 of my first body of work at a San Francisco gallery that primarily features outsider artists. Since then, I have had several solo exhibitions, including “Shear” at BoxoHOUSE/BoxoPROJECTS, Joshua Tree CA (2016), “Stonewalled” at the Art Queen East gallery in Joshua Tree CA (2015), and “a handful of sky” with BoxoFFICE/BoxoPROJECTS, New York (2009).

My work has also been included in a number of group showings, including “Then” as part of the Bombay Beach Biennale, Salton Sea CA (2019), “Creativity at its Source” at JJ Harrington Gallery, Palm Springs CA (2019), “Desert X: Rob Pruitt’s Flea Market” at the Palm Springs Art Museum (2017), “Abstract Visionaries” at Colin Fisher Studios, Palm Springs CA (2018), and the “Contemporary Loop Show”, L.A. (2011).

My work is included in both public and private art collections in the U.S., Europe and Asia.



“Shear”, BoxoHOUSE, Joshua Tree CA, 2016

“handful of sky”, BoxoFFICE, New York, 2009

“African Melody”, True World Gallery, Joshua Tree, 2009

“Neoprene Pudding”, Water Canyon, Pioneertown CA, 2009

Trader Jeff’s, Twentynine Palms CA, 2007

Beeton & Schelkens Atelier, Los Angeles, 2004

Friday the Thirteenth Gallery, San Francisco, 1999




“Creativity at its Source”, JJ Harrington Gallery, Palm Springs CA, 2020

“Then”, Bombay Beach Biennale, Bombay Beach, Salton Sea CA, 2019


“Boundless”, Barba Contemporary Art, Palm Springs, 2019


“Closing/Opening”, Colin Fisher Studios, Palm Springs, 2019


“Defining Detritus”, Arena One Gallery, Los Angeles, 2018


“Rough and Tumble”, Tumbleweed Art Company, Joshua Tree CA, 2018


“Inner Resonance”, Colin Fisher Studios, Palm Springs, 2018


“The Depth of Perception”, Barba Contemporary Art, Palm Springs, 2018


“Desert X: Rob Pruitt’s Flea Market, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, 2017


“Abstract Visionaries”, Colin Fisher Studios, Palm Springs, 2017


Palm Springs Art Fair, BoxoPROJECTS, Palm Springs, 2016-2017


“Active Resistance”, Art Queen Annex, Joshua Tree, 2016

“Classic Modernism”, Colin Fisher Studios, Palm Springs, 2016

“Stonewalled”, Art Queen East Gallery, Joshua Tree 2015

”Out There”, Gallery 825, Los Angeles, 2013

“The Small Loop Show”, FOCA, Los Angeles, 2012

“The Loop Show”, Beacon Arts, Los Angeles, 2011

“perhaps we meet”, BoxoFFICE, New York, 2011

“A Radical State of Independence”, BoxoFFICE, New York, 2009

“The Box Show”, Gallery Route One, Point Reyes CA, 2009

“Strange Ranger”, Circus Gallery, Los Angeles, 2008

“Noah Purifoy: A Tribute”, Twentynine Palms Art Gallery, Twentynine Palms CA, 2008

Morongo Basin Cultural Arts Council Annual Tours, 2005-6

Lacy Gallery, Los Angeles, 2004-5

Black Cat Gallery, Culver City CA, 2003-4

Articulture, Manhattan Beach CA, 2001-2



“Days of Our Lives”, NBC


Apple iPad

“House of Lies”, HBO

“Body of Proof”, ABC

“Lie to Me”, Fox

“Heroes”, NBC

“The Eastons”, CBS

“The Wizards of Waverly Street”, Disney




Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC

Common Ground, Santa Monica CA